Oral health is an important part of overall health and wellbeing, and it is essential to be aware of the most common dental diseases. Tooth decay, gum disease, and oral cancer are some of the most common diseases that affect our oral health. Tooth decay is caused by not brushing your teeth after consuming sugary and acidic foods and beverages, while gum disease is caused by not flossing regularly. Oral cancer can attack multiple regions of the mouth, such as the throat, tongue, cheeks, and lips.
It is important to visit the dentist every six months for a regular checkup, which should include an oral cancer screening test. Tooth decay and periodontal disease are the two most common dental diseases of importance to public health worldwide. Coronal decay is more common in children and young adults, while root decay is commonly found in older adults who keep their teeth longer. The prevention of dental diseases has followed different approaches, such as community interventions, individual measures, focusing on common risk factors, and orientation to risk groups. The WHO Global Oral Health Status Report (202) estimated that oral diseases affect nearly 3.5 billion people worldwide. Most oral health conditions are largely preventable and can be treated in their early stages.
If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease or oral cancer, there are many treatment options available. Deep dental cleanings will be required to remove plaque and tartar accumulated on and around the gums for periodontal disease. For oral cancer, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be necessary. Regular visits to the dentist will ensure that none of the common dental diseases go unnoticed.