The Most Common Dental Diseases: Tooth Decay, Gum Disease and Oral Cancer

Oral health is essential for us to be able to smile, talk and chew. Unfortunately, some of the most common diseases that affect our oral health are tooth decay, gum disease and oral cancer. If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, it is important to take better care of your gums. Also known as gum disease, this dental problem is usually caused by not flossing regularly.

The bacteria that cause plaque can lead to the development of gingivitis or periodontitis, the early stages of periodontal disease. Fortunately, this condition can be treated over the course of a few dental appointments with deep dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar from around the gums. One of the most common dental diseases is tooth decay, which affects millions of people around the world. This is caused by not brushing your teeth after consuming sugary and acidic foods and beverages.

These substances can damage the enamel, allowing bacteria that cause tooth decay to flourish. Oral cancer can also attack multiple regions of the mouth, such as the throat, tongue, cheeks and lips. It may go unnoticed for a while if you don't visit the dentist every six months as recommended. This disease usually appears as a swollen or tingling ulcer with a red or white surface that may be caused by excessive smoking or HPV.

Regular visits to the dentist are essential to ensure that none of these common dental diseases go unnoticed. If you're experiencing the later stages of any of these oral health problems, your dentist will be able to provide you with an effective treatment plan from your next appointment. We all want healthy teeth and gums for a winning smile, fresh breath and an increase in our confidence level. But did you know that about half of adults have or have ever had halitosis (bad breath)? It is one of the most common dental problems and also one of the most treatable.

Tooth decay is also known as tooth decay or tooth decay. It is the most common dental problem that dentists see in patients. Practically everyone has experienced tooth decay at some point in their life. This occurs when bacteria form a film called plaque on the surface of the teeth.

Bacteria produce acids from sugars in foods which corrode and damage the enamel layer of the tooth and then act on the softer layer of dentin underneath it. Dental care begins with evaluating the extent of tooth decay and recommending a course of action which may include fillings, crowns or a root canal.You can help prevent tooth decay by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly (twice a day) and getting regular checkups with your dentist to scrape plaque off your teeth. Gingivitis is the mild, early form of periodontal or gum disease which is caused by plaque build-up. The most common symptoms are red, swollen and easily bleeding gums as well as bad breath and sensitive teeth that hurt when you chew.

Skipping brushing and using poor brushing techniques can contribute to gum disease as can crooked teeth that are difficult to brush properly. Other risk factors include smoking, pregnancy and diabetes.If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis which occurs when gum pockets become infected causing damage to the bone and tissue that support the teeth as they also become infected. Dental care for periodontitis includes topical antibiotics to treat the infection or referral to a periodontist who specializes in gum disease.Bad breath can have many causes so your dentist will conduct a thorough evaluation and prescribe the course of action that best suits your case. You may also have sensitive teeth because the enamel layer on your teeth is naturally thin but there are types of toothpaste and mouthwashes specifically designed for use with sensitive teeth.

Your dentist may also recommend a fluoride treatment, a crown, a gum graft or a root canal depending on the severity of your case.Gum shrinkage can also be genetic meaning it is inherited so dental care for receding gums includes a thorough cleaning of the teeth by a dental professional who may also show you proper brushing techniques. Serious cases may need to be treated with a gum graft or other type of surgery.The base or root of the tooth can become infected and swollen with bacteria due to decay, cracks or fractures in the tooth causing root infection which can damage tissues and nerves in the tooth leading to abscesses. A chronic throbbing toothache (long-lasting and persistent) is usually an indication of root infection which will be painful when chewing or biting and very sensitive to hot and cold foods and beverages with inflammation in areas surrounding it.Root infection is treated using a root canal which although many people fear it actually causes minimal pain since dentists use anesthesia while performing root canals.

Will Sonza
Will Sonza

Amateur food nerd. Devoted internet specialist. Hardcore music fan. Award-winning web trailblazer. Extreme internet specialist.

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