Oral health is an important part of overall health and wellbeing. Unfortunately, many people suffer from common mouth diseases, such as tooth decay, gum disease, oral infectious diseases, and oral cancer. Although these diseases are not a disease in and of themselves, oral injuries are preventable. In this article, we will discuss the most common oral diseases, their symptoms, and how to prevent them. One of the most common oral infections is tooth decay.
Cavities occur when bacteria stick to your teeth and eventually cause tooth enamel to wear away. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), nearly every adult will get cavities at some point in time. Symptoms of cavities include pain, food getting stuck in your tooth, a rough feeling when you run your tongue over it, or pain when eating something cold or sweet. Depending on their severity, cavities can be treated with fillings, crowns, or root canals.
To reduce your chance of developing tooth decay, brush your teeth twice a day, floss once a day, drink fluoride water, use fluoride toothpaste, stay away from sugary foods and beverages, and see your dentist regularly. Another common mouth disease is geographic language. This condition appears on the top and sides of the tongue and sometimes on the lower surface. It can be an extremely uncomfortable condition that can have several possible causes. To prevent this condition from occurring, it is important to practice good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly. Gum disease is another common mouth disease.
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is an infection of the tissues around the teeth caused by plaque. Symptoms include redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis which is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Symptoms include bleeding gums, persistent bad breath or bad taste, loose permanent teeth, and changes in bite.
To prevent gum disease from occurring it is important to practice good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly. Oral infectious diseases are also common mouth diseases. Oral herpes is a common mouth infection caused by type 1 herpesvirus. It is important to keep your mouth clean and healthy by brushing your teeth, using dental floss, and not using tobacco. Wisdom teeth are the last to appear in the back of the mouth between the ages of 17 and 25 but sometimes many years later. Oral cancer is another common mouth disease that affects the tongue, tonsils, gums, and oropharynx (section of the throat at the back of the mouth).
Risk factors for being diagnosed with oral cancer include smoking cigarettes, drinking too much alcohol, not taking proper care of your mouth, and following an unhealthy diet. According to John Hopkins Medicine it is important to visit a dental professional in a dental office for all cosmetic treatments in the mouth. The good news is that you can prevent most common oral diseases in your home by practicing good oral hygiene such as brushing twice a day and flossing once a day. It is also important to drink fluoride water and use fluoride toothpaste as well as stay away from sugary foods and beverages. Additionally it is important to visit your dentist regularly for checkups so they can check for any signs or symptoms of oral diseases. In conclusion, there are many common mouth diseases that can affect people of all ages.
It is important to practice good oral hygiene such as brushing twice a day and flossing once a day as well as drinking fluoride water and using fluoride toothpaste. Additionally it is important to stay away from sugary foods and beverages as well as visit your dentist regularly for checkups so they can check for any signs or symptoms of oral diseases.